Maremma and the Etruscan Coast

Maremma stretches for about a quarter of terrritorio of Tuscany, between the provinces of Livorno and Grosseto. Already Dante’s Divine Comedy had delineated the boundaries between Cecina and Tarquinia in northern Lazio. What is unique about the Maremma, a perfect microcosm, is the diversity of its territory. Sea, hill and mountain blend together and color the landscape. The blue sea of the Argentario, black as the rocks of Telamon, yellow as the sandy beaches of Castiglione della Pescaia, the green hills of Massa Marittima and the brown of the Monte Amiata.

This rich territory is conventionally divided into three main areas:

Northern Maremma covers most of the province of Livorno and includes the area of the metalliferous hills to the Gulf of Follonica. Culture and landscape are strongly related to the mineral resources of the territory, the exploitation of which has lasted from the archaic era to the present day. Etruscans developed an extensive sales network, founding many cities such as Gavorrano, Montieri and Monterotondo. The colors of nature blend with the nuances of each metal, creating beautiful landscapes dotted with castles, churches, fortresses and watchtowers. The focal point of this magical landscape is the town of Massa Marittima, a small yet important medieval city has a remarkable cathedral and a massive castle.

The Maremma of Grosseto is just called Maremma. The city of Grosseto, with the cathedral, the Cassero Senese and the Medici Walls, perfectly represents the souls who inhabited this area. The surroundings of Grosseto are rich in history and art, whose best example is the archaeological site of the Etruscan city of Roselle. But Grosseto is also the sea and the beach, such as Marina di Grosseto and Principina, natural pine forest and marinas as Castiglione della Pescaia and Punta Ala. And then the inner area, which extends up the slopes of Mount Amiata passing from round hills to thick forests. A landscape complete with castles and villages as Scansano, famous for Morellino, Campagnatico and Civitella Paganico.

Lower Maremma, which borders with Lazio, is perhaps the most representative area of the Maremma. Here it is the Silver Coast, facing the last stretch of the Tuscan sea and immersed in the Natural Park of Maremma or Uccellina. Orbetello, lapped by the waters of the lagoon, Talamone, with its fortress and the old town, Capalbio and the Tarot Garden, Monte Argentario from rugged cliffs and crystal clear water with Porto Ercole and Porto Santo Stefano, are just some of the beauty of this area of the Maremma. Not to mention the hinterland, an area renowned for the tuff Etruscan whose roots are still visible, as evidenced by the towns of Pitigliano, Sorano and Sovana. In this part of the Maremma there are also the famous thermal springs of Saturnia, with healing properties.

The Maremma is undoubtedly a part of Tuscany to visit, because it is unique. Not only culture and stunning scenery, but also local products and wines to taste. The Maremma cuisine is made of simple and traditional dishes made with local and seasonal products of high quality to be accompanied by a glass of Morellino di Scansano or Bianco di Pitigliano. The most representative dish is acquacotta, which has fed generations of Maremma and is the symbol of the art of making a virtue of necessity. In fact there is no single recipe because every housewife used seasonal produce from his garden and the cheese of his flock. Surely the common ingredient in all recipes is the extra virgin hills of Maremma.

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